East and West Part Ways in Test of Facial Expressions
( New York Times )

How do you know how someone is feeling? For people in Western
societies, it is usually easy: look at the person’s face.

But for people from Japan and other Eastern societies, a new study finds, it may be more complex ― having to do not only with evaluating the other person’s face but also with gauging the mood of others who might be around.

The differences may speak to deeply ingrained cultural traits, the authors write, suggesting that Westerners may “see emotions as individual feelings, while Japanese see them as inseparable from the feelings of the group.”

【 まずは準備運動 】

・evaluate 評価する
・gauge 測定する、評価する
・ingrain (思想・習慣を)深くしみ込ませる
・trait 特色、特徴
・inseparable 分離できない

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | 科学



Space Shuttle Endeavour Launches With Japanese Lab
( New York Times )

The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour blasted off from a seaside Florida launch pad on Tuesday to deliver part of a long-awaited Japanese space laboratory and a Canadian-built robotic system to the International Space Station.

Piercing the still of night with a thunderous boom and a flash of
white-hot flame, the spaceship lifted off from the Kennedy Space
Center at 2:28 a.m. EDT and disappeared swiftly into clouds to begin a 16-day flight.

"We'd like to say konnichiwa, domo arigato and banzai (hello, thank you and banzai)," commander Dominic Gorie said shortly before liftoff, speaking some Japanese in a nod to that country's important role in the mission.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・endeavo(u)r 努力
・pierce 刺し通す、突き刺さる、突き破る
・boom ブーン(ドカーン)と鳴る音
・flame 炎、火炎
・EDT(Eastern Daylight (Saving) Time) (米)東部夏時間
・mission 任務、使命

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | 科学



Coping With the Caveman in the Crib
( New York Times )

If there is such a person as a “baby whisperer,” it is the
pediatrician Dr. Harvey Karp, whose uncanny ability to quiet crying babies became the best-selling book “The Happiest Baby on the Block.”

Dr. Karp’s method, endorsed by child advocates and demonstrated in television appearances and a DVD version of his book, shows fussy babies who are quickly, almost eerily soothed by a combination of tight swaddling, loud shushing and swinging, which he says mimics the sensations of the womb.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・pediatrician 小児科医
・uncanny 不思議な、並はずれて(優れて)いる
・fussy 気難しい
・eerily 不気味に
・soothe なだめる、落ち着かせる
・swaddle 布でくるむ
・shush シッと言う、おとなしくさせる
・mimic まねる、模倣する

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | 科学



The Early Bird Gets the Bad Grade
( New York Times )

It’s Monday morning, and you’re having trouble waking your teenagers.You’re not alone. Indeed, each morning, few of the country’s 17 million high school students are awake enough to get much out of their first class, particularly if it starts before 8 a.m. Sure, many of them stayed up too late the night before, but not because they wanted to.

Research shows that teenagers’ body clocks are set to a schedule that is different from that of younger children or adults. This prevents adolescents from dropping off until around 11 p.m., when they produce the sleep-inducing hormone melatonin, and waking up much before 8 a.m. when their bodies stop producing melatonin. The result is that the first class of the morning is often a waste, with as many as 28 percent of students falling asleep, according to a National Sleep Foundation poll. Some are so sleepy they don’t even show up, contributing to failure and dropout rates.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・adolescent 青年期の人
・drop off 眠る
・induce 説得して〜させる、引き起す
・waste 無駄、浪費
・contribute 貢献する、(〜を)導く

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | 科学



The Healing Power of Dogs
( New York Times )

Dogs have long had special standing in the medical world. Trained to see for the blind, hear for the deaf and move for the immobilized, dogs have become indispensable companions for people with disabilities.

But dogs appear to be far more than four-legged health care workers. Over the years, data on the larger role dogs play in health has trickled out from various corners of the world. One Japanese study found pet owners made 30 percent fewer visits to doctors. A Melbourne study of 6,000 people showed that owners of dogs and other pets had lower cholesterol, blood pressure and heart attack risk compared with people who didn’t have pets. Obviously, the better health of pet owners could be explained by a variety of factors, but many experts believe companion animals improve health at least in part by lowering stress.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・deaf 耳の聞こえない
・immobilize 動けないようにする、(ギプスで患部を)固定する
・trickle したたる、少しずつ漏れる
・various 違った、種々の
・blood pressure 血圧
・heart attack 心臓発作

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | 科学