2011年03月02日

カダフィ大佐、首都の抗議デモを武力鎮圧


Qaddafi Forces Violently Quell Capital Protest
( New York Times )

Mercenaries and army forces put down an attempt by protesters on Friday to break Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi’s hold on this capital city, opening fire on crowds who had taken to the streets after prayers to mount their first major challenge to the government’s crackdown, witnesses said.

The bloodshed heightened a standoff that has pitted Colonel Qaddafi -- who vowed Friday to turn Libya into “a hell” as he hunkered down in his
stronghold -- against a spreading rebel force and increasingly alarmed international community, which condemned the violence and promised
sanctions in coming days.

Reports said several people were killed, but a precise toll might be
impossible. Omar said that friends who were doctors at a hospital in
Tripoli saw bodies being removed from the morgue to conceal the death toll. Local residents told him that the bodies were being taken to beaches and burned. There was no way to confirm the account, and Omar did not want his full named used for fear of his life.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・bloodshed 流血(の惨事)
・hunker しゃがむ、うずくまる
・stronghold 砦、要塞
・condemn 強く非難する、判決を下す
・morgue 遺体安置所


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2011年02月28日

ニュージーランド地震、生存者の捜索が続く


Rescuers Work to Find Survivors of a Powerful New Zealand Earthquake
( New York Times )

Rescue workers spent a cold, rainy night pulling survivors from the
wreckage caused by a powerful earthquake that struck Christchurch, New Zealand’s second largest city, early Tuesday afternoon, killing at least 75 people.

Some emerged unscathed from the rubble, while emergency workers had to amputate the limbs of others who were trapped, the city’s police
superintendent, Russell Gibson, told Radio New Zealand on Wednesday
morning. Around midday, one woman was pulled from the wreckage of a
severely damaged building after being trapped for nearly 24 hours, the police said.

Officials said Wednesday that at least 75 people had been killed, although only 55 had been identified. The authorities have repeatedly warned that
the final death toll could be significantly higher.

As many as 24 Japanese exchange students were believed to be among the missing in the collapse of the Canterbury Television building, which housed their language school. “We understand that a significant
proportion of those that were in that building are Japanese nationals. We are working with the Japan consul around that,” Dave Cliff, a police official, told reporters.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・trap わな(で捕らえる)、(狭い場所に)閉じ込める
・collapse つぶれる、崩れる(こと)
・consul 領事


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2011年02月09日

エジプト騒乱、喧噪の一日の静かな抗議


Quiet Acts of Protest on a Noisy Day
( New York Times )

The retired general in the blue suit walked alone, with a cane, as
hundreds of Egyptian protesters surged past him, chanting and holding signs. He stopped to catch his breath, grabbing the railing of a bridge so he could look out at the Nile.

The general pointed to his throat, signaling that he was mute, but on this day of protest he intended to be heard. So he grabbed a pen and wrote.

His name was Maj. Gen. Ali Ibrahim al-Gafy, 71, and he had fought in
several of Egypt’s wars with Israel. He had walked about one and a half miles from his home in the Dokki neighborhood to be part of Tuesday’s grand gathering in Tahrir Square. He looked at the tanks in the distance, noting the warm reception the soldiers received. “People like the Army and hate the police,” General Gafy wrote.

Then he jotted down a few words about the man who had inspired the
protests, a fellow veteran of Egypt’s armed services: the country’s president.

“Down with Mubarak.” he wrote. “Traitor.”

General Gafy’s scribbles were the quietest expressions of anger on a loud day.

Hundreds of thousands of his fellow Egyptians, brimming with confidence after days of protest, traveled like pilgrims to gather at Tahrir, or
Liberation, Square, to speak freely and to be heard.

They said that President Hosni Mubarak had never listened to their
complaints, aspirations or opinions. So on Tuesday they made noise,
carrying banners, painting their faces and singing their slogans. Later that night, it was clear that Mr. Mubarak, who announced he would not run for another presidential term, had been listening -- though he might not have heard.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・surge 大波、うねり(のように押し寄せる)
・jot ちょっと書きとめておく
・traitor 反逆者、裏切り者
・scribble 走り書き(する)
・brim 縁、へり、あふれそうになる
・aspiration 熱望、(野心的)志望


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2011年01月24日

米中首脳会談、協調ムードと人権問題


Obama Pushes Hu on Rights but Stresses Ties to China
( New York Times )

President Obama on Wednesday gently but pointedly prodded China to make progress on human rights, but he sought to focus most of the attention during a closely watched state visit with President Hu Jintao on the expanding economic relationship between the United States and its biggest economic rival.

Mr. Obama said that differences on human rights were an “occasional
source of tension between our two governments.” As the two leaders stood side by side at a nationally televised news conference, he called on China to live up to human rights values that he said were enshrined in the Chinese Constitution, adding that Americans “have some core views as Americans about the universality of certain rights: freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly.”

Mr. Hu, for his part, seemed to hearten White House officials by
acknowledging that China had a ways to go on human rights issues. “China still faces many challenges in economic and social development,” he said. “And a lot still needs to be done in China in terms of human rights.” But he noted that China was willing to talk to the United States only within the confines of the “principle of noninterference in each other’s internal affairs.”


【 まずは準備運動 】

・occasional 時折の、時たまの
・universality 普遍性
・assembly 集会、会合
・principle 原理、原則


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2011年01月17日

チュニジア大統領が国外逃亡


Tunisia Leader Flees and Prime Minister Claims Power
( New York Times )

Tunisia’s president, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, fled his country on Friday night, capitulating after a month of mounting protests calling for an end to his 23 years of authoritarian rule. The official Saudi Arabian news agency said he arrived in the country early Saturday.

The fall of Mr. Ben Ali marked the first time that widespread street
demonstrations had overthrown an Arab leader. And even before the last
clouds of tear gas had drifted away from the capital’s cafe-lined
Bourguiba Boulevard, people throughout the Arab world had begun debating whether Tunisia’s uprising could prove to be a model, threatening other autocratic rulers in the region.

“What happened here is going to affect the whole Arab world,” said Zied Mhirsi, a 33-year-old doctor protesting outside the Interior Ministry on Friday. He carried a sign highlighting how he believed Tunisia’s protests could embolden the swelling numbers of young people around the Arab world to emulate the so-called Jasmine Revolution.

The protesters, led at first by unemployed college graduates like Mr.
Bouazizi and later joined by workers and young professionals, found grist for the complaints in leaked cables from the United States Embassy in
Tunisia, released by WikiLeaks, that detailed the self-dealing and excess of the president’s family. And the protesters relied heavily on social media Web sites like Facebook and Twitter to circulate videos of each demonstration and issue calls for the next one.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・overthrow ひっくり返す、転覆する
・uprising 反乱、暴動
・affect 影響を及ぼす、感動させる、(病気が)冒す
・embolden 勇気づけて〜させる(bold:大胆な、勇敢な)
・grist 製粉用の穀物


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