2011年02月22日

暖かい夜、冷たい鼻


Warm Nights, Cold Noses
( New York Times )

EVERY night for the last year, Kathy Ruttenberg has been taking a bath, putting on pajamas, turning on CNN and getting into bed with a little pig named Trixie.

“She’s a great cuddler if you lie still,” said Ms. Ruttenberg, a
53-year-old artist who lives near Woodstock, N.Y. “But if you’re
restless, she gets annoyed, and her hooves are very sharp.”

Ms. Ruttenberg has the black-and-blue marks to show for it. Still, of all the animals she has in her bed (there are also two kittens and three
terriers, to be precise), Trixie, a 16-pound Vietnamese pot-bellied pig, is her favorite, because of the way she spoons.

Ms. Ruttenberg’s habit of sleeping with pets mirrors that of Paris
Hilton, who has slept with a pig -- of the four-legged variety -- and was once bitten at her home at 3 a.m. by a kinkajou, a tiny raccoon-related creature. Keeping that sort of menagerie may be unusual, but the habit of allowing animals in bed is not. Figures vary, but according to a recent study published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14 to 62 percent of the 165 million dogs and cats in this country sleep in bed with humans, with other surveys skewing higher.

The reasons are well documented. First, touching, human or otherwise,
raises levels of oxytocin in the body, creating feelings of contentment. And, of course, the comfort that an unconditionally loving animal provides in bed is a emotional balm, especially for the depressed, lonely or
anxious.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・cuddle 抱き締める
・restless 落ち着かない、そわそわした
・hoof (馬などの)ひづめ(複数形:hooves)
・skew 斜めに進む、曲がる、歪む
・contentment 満足(すること)


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2011年02月16日

米政府からの忠告「食事は控え目に」


Government’s Dietary Advice: Eat Less
( New York Times )

As the nation’s obesity crisis continues unabated, federal regulators on Monday issued their bluntest nutrition advice to date: drink water instead of sugary drinks like soda, fill your plate with fruits and vegetables and cut down on processed foods filled with sodium, fat or sugar.

More important, perhaps, the government told Americans, “Enjoy your food, but eat less.” Many Americans eat too many calories every day, expanding their waistlines and imperiling their health.

While the recommendations may seem obvious, it is nonetheless considered major progress for federal regulators, who have long skirted the issue, wary of the powerful food lobby. (The 112-page report even subtly suggests that people eat less pizza and dessert.)

Previous guidelines urged Americans to curb sugar, solid fats and salt, but avoided naming specific foods, let alone urging consumers to eat less food over all.

“For them to have said ‘eat less’ is really new. Who would have
thought?” said Margo G. Wootan, director of nutrition policy at the
Center for Science in the Public Interest. “We should have been saying ‘eat less’ for a decade.”


【 まずは準備運動 】

・nutrition 栄養摂取、栄養物
・to date 現在まで
・obvious 明らかな、明白な
・subtly 微妙に
・curb 抑制する、阻止する


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2010年12月01日

カトリック教会で悪魔払いの関心が復活する


For Catholics, Interest in Exorcism Is Revived
( New York Times )

The rite of exorcism, rendered gory by Hollywood and ridiculed by many modern believers, has largely fallen out of favor in the Roman Catholic Church in the United States.

There are only a handful of priests in the country trained as exorcists, but they say they are overwhelmed with requests from people who fear they are possessed by the Devil.

Now, American bishops are holding a conference on Friday and Saturday to prepare more priests and bishops to respond to the demand. The purpose is not necessarily to revive the practice, the organizers say, but to help Catholic clergy members learn how to distinguish who really needs an
exorcism from who really needs a psychiatrist, or perhaps some pastoral care.

“What they’re trying to do in restoring exorcisms,” said Dr. Appleby, a longtime observer of the bishops, “is to strengthen and enhance what seems to be lost in the church, which is the sense that the church is not like any other institution. It is supernatural, and the key players in that are the hierarchy and the priests who can be given the faculties of exorcism.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・gory 血だらけの、残虐な
・overwhelm 圧倒する
・distinguish 識別する、はっきり区別する
・psychiatrist 精神病医
・observer 観察者、遵守者
・institution 制度、(公共)機関・施設


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2010年10月25日

3つの「R」で次のケーキには100本のローソクが立つ


100 Candles on Her Next Cake, and Three R’s to Get Her There
( New York Times )

Esther Tuttle is nearing the end of the 10th decade of a remarkably
productive and adventurous life. If all continues to go as well as it has to date, next July 1 she will join the rapidly growing clan of
centenarians, whose numbers in the United States have increased to 96,548 in 2009 from 38,300 in 1990, according to the Census Bureau.

At age 92, Mrs. Tuttle (best known as Faity, her childhood nickname) wrote a memoir with the prescient title “No Rocking Chair for Me” (iUniverse) displaying an acute memory of events, names, dates and places that she retains as she approaches 100.

What, I asked, is the secret to her longevity? Is it genetics? Perhaps, but it’s hard to say. Her parents died at ages 42 and 50, leaving her an orphan at age 11, along with three siblings, one of whom did live to 96.

Genes do play a role in longevity. Dr. Nir Barzilai, a geneticist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, reports that centenarians are 20 times as likely as the average person to have a long-lived relative. But a Swedish study of identical twins separated at birth and reared apart concluded that only about 20 to 30 percent of longevity is genetically determined. Lifestyle seems to be the more dominant factor.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・census 人口調査、国勢調査
・acute 鋭い、先のとがった
・identical まったく同じの、同一の
・rear 育てる、しつける
・dominant 支配的な、最も有力な


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2010年10月23日

あってはならない手術ミスが続発している


Surgical Errors Continue Despite Protocols
( New York Times )

Despite a requirement that hospitals abide by a standard set of procedures to prevent surgical mistakes like operating on the wrong patient or the wrong body part, such errors continue to occur far too often, researchers are reporting.

In the worst case reported, a chest tube was inserted into the wrong lung ― the healthy one ― and it collapsed, killing the patient. In other
cases, surgeons removed a healthy ovary, operated on the wrong side of the brain, fused the wrong vertebrae and did procedures on the wrong eye, knee, foot, elbow and hand.

Past estimates suggested that such mistakes occurred once in every 110,000 procedures, but the paper’s lead author, Dr. Philip F. Stahel, said the incidence might not be so rare ― and might even have increased.

“These data are shocking,” said Dr. Stahel, director of orthopedics at Denver Health Medical Center. “These are catastrophic events that are unacceptable. They have been termed a ‘never event’ ― because they
should never happen.”


【 まずは準備運動 】

・prevent 防ぐ、妨げる
・collapse つぶれる、くずれる、崩壊する
・ovary 卵巣
・vertebra 脊椎骨(複数形:vertebrae)
・orthopaedics 整形外科


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