With Pledges to Troops and Iraqis, Obama Details Pullout
( New York Times )

President Obama declared the beginning of the end of one of the
longest and most divisive wars in American history on Friday as he announced that he would withdraw combat forces from Iraq by August 2010 and all remaining troops by December 2011.

The decision, outlined before thousands of camouflage-clad Marines here, underscored the transformation in national priorities a month after Mr. Obama took office as he prepared to shift resources and troops from increasingly stable Iraq to increasingly volatile Afghanistan.

But it also marked a sharp change in America’s attitude about Iraq after years of wrenching debate over war and peace. Despite some grumbling on the left and right, Mr. Obama’s pullout plan generated support across party lines on Friday, including from his rival in last year’s election and advisers to his predecessor, indicating an emerging consensus behind a gradual but firm exit from Iraq.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・troop 群れ、一団、部隊
・outline 輪郭、概説する
・transformation 変化、変質
・priority 優先(すること)、優先事項
・wrench (急激な)ねじり、ひねる
・grumbl 不平、不満(を言う)
・predecessor 前任者
・gradual 漸次の、ゆるやかな

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President Obama
( New York Times )

There was no shortage of powerful imagery on Barack Obama’s
Inauguration Day, starting with the confident man who defied all political conventions -- that he was too young, too inexperienced, too black or not black enough -- to stand on the steps of the Capitol and take the oath of office in a city and a country that are still racially divided in many shameful ways.

And there was the crowd that for a day, and we hope much longer, defied those divisions. By the hundreds of thousands they came from every part of a nation that has rarely been in such peril and yet is so optimistic about its new leader.

In his Inaugural Address, President Obama gave them the clarity and the respect for which all Americans have hungered. In about 20 minutes, he swept away eight years of President George Bush’s false choices and failed policies and promised to recommit to America’s most cherished ideals.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・inauguration 就任(式)
・the Capitol(Capitol Hill) 米連邦議会議事堂(換喩語)
・peril 危険、危難
・clarity 透明、明快さ
・hunger 飢える、渇望する
・sweep 掃く、払う

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Mistakes, I’ve Made a Few, Bush Tells Reporters
( New York Times )

President Bush held what he called “the ultimate exit interview” on Monday, using the final news conference of his presidency to dispute the idea that the nation’s “moral standing has been damaged” by his actions and to warn President-elect Barack Obama that, despite the turbulence in the economy, his most urgent priority must be fighting “an enemy that would like to attack America and Americans again.”

Looking back over the long arc of his turbulent presidency, Mr. Bush was by turns impassioned and defiant, reflective and light-hearted, even as he conceded that some things “didn’t go according to plan.” He confessed a litany of mistakes, refused to talk about pardons, cautioned the Republican Party to be inclusive and wondered aloud what it would feel like to make coffee for his wife, Laura, at their ranch in Crawford, Tex., on the morning after Mr. Obama takes his place.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・dispute 議論する、(正当性や正確性を)疑う
・turbulence (波・風の)大荒れ、混乱(形容詞:turbulent)
・impassioned 情熱の込もった、熱烈な
・reflective 反射する、思慮深い
・ranch 大牧場、農場

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Appointments Begin a New Phase for Obama
( New York Times )

President-elect Barack Obama put the rancor and even some of the rhetoric of the presidential campaign behind him on Monday as he welcomed his chief Democratic adversary into his cabinet and signaled flexibility in his plans to withdraw troops from Iraq.

Introducing a national security team anchored by Hillary Rodham
Clinton as secretary of state, Mr. Obama said a new strategic
agreement with Baghdad put the United States “on a glide path to reduce our forces in Iraq.” But while he reaffirmed his desire to pull out combat brigades within 16 months, Mr. Obama emphasized his willingness to consider options put forth by the military.

“She is going to be an outstanding secretary of state,” Mr. Obama said. “And if I didn’t believe that, I wouldn’t have offered her the job. And if she didn’t believe that I was equipped to lead this nation in such a difficult time, she would not have accepted.”

【 まずは準備運動 】

・strategic 戦略(上)の
・reduce 減らす、縮小する
・reaffirm 再び断言する、主張する(re-:再び)
・brigade 隊、旅団
・outstanding 目立つ、傑出した
・equip 備える、用意する、身に着けさせる

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Retailers See a Broad Slowdown Ahead of Holidays
( New York Times )

Just ahead of the crucial holiday shopping season, most of the
nation’s retailers reported double-digit declines in October sales on Thursday, underscoring how the financial turmoil has touched all stores, be they discount or luxury.

The declines follow a weak September and foretell a holiday shopping season that many are characterizing as grim at best. Consumer spending over all fell 3.1 percent in the third quarter, its first decline in 17 years and the steepest fall since 1980. And the news is not likely to improve soon. On Friday, the Labor Department is expected to report that employers cut hundreds of thousands more jobs last month.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・decline 傾斜、低下、下落
・quarter 4分の1、四半期
・steep けわしい、急勾配の
・improve 改善する、改良する、よくなる

● 解説ザブ〜ン!
posted by K.Andoh | Comment(2) | 米国−政治・経済