In China, Money Can Often Buy Love
( New York Times )

“I don’t think economic advancement and our yearning for love are
mutually exclusive,” he said.

Mr. Zhang, who turns 59 on Sunday, represents an older generation that remembers the more egalitarian, if also poorer and more politically repressive, Maoist era, before the economic changes that unleashed the scramble for material advancement.

Ms. Feng, who had failed to find a match for her apartmentless friend, said the demands that many Chinese women make on prospective mates
reflected weakness, not power. Lower in status, they fear not getting what they want in life, and look to men to provide it.

“Women are very dependent,” she said. “I blame them. Why can’t they work hard and buy a house together with their man? But very few women today think like that.”

Few Chinese men do either, reinforcing the rules of the game. For the 26-year-old events organizer, losing his love to money was justifiable.

“We didn’t need to waste time on a relationship that was doomed to
vanish,” he said.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・yearn 憧れる、慕う
・exclusive 他人を入れない、排他的な(exclude:締め出す)
・repressive 制止する、抑圧的な
・prospective 将来の、見込みの(ある)
・reinforce 補強する、強化する
・vanish 消える、見えなくなる

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In China, Money Can Often Buy Love
( New York Times )

Money really can buy you love in China ― or at least that seems to be a common belief in this increasingly materialistic country.

Many personal stories seem to confirm that the ideal mate is the one who can deliver a home and a car, among other things; sentiment is secondary.

However widespread this mercantilist spirit, not everyone thinks it is a good thing. A spate of Chinese films, plays and television shows have
raised the question: What is love in an age of breakneck economic growth?

Fueling these attitudes is a drumbeat of fear. After three decades of fast-paced, uneven economic growth, there is enormous anxiety among those who feel they are being left behind, lacking the opportunities and contacts to make big money while all around them others prosper and prices soar.

Such calculations have their critics. The hard-nosed attitude of Ms. Ma,
the BMW woman, earned her a gentle reprimand recently from the film
director Zhang Yimou. In an interview in The South China Morning Post, a Hong Kong newspaper, he urged young people to re-examine their values.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・materialistic 物質主義の、唯物論的な
・confirm 強める、固める、確認する
・mercantilist 重商主義の
・prosper 繁栄する
・soar 高く上がる、舞い上がる
・reprimand 叱責、非難

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Even if you're on the right track you'll get run over if you just sit there.


Every child comes with the message that God is not yet discouraged of man.




Understanding ‘Ba Ba Ba’ as a Key to Development
( New York Times )

As a pediatrician, I always ask about babble. “Is the baby making
sounds?” I ask the parent of a 4-month-old, a 6-month-old, a 9-month-old. The answer is rarely no. But if it is, it’s important to try to find out what’s going on.

Babies have to hear real language from real people to learn these skills. Television doesn’t do it, and neither do educational videos: recent
research suggests that this learning is in part shaped by the quality and context of adult response.

To study babbling, researchers have begun to look at the social response ― at the baby and the parent together. Michael H. Goldstein, an assistant professor of psychology at Cornell, has done experiments showing that
babies learn better from parental stimulation ― acquiring new sounds and new sound patterns, for example ― if parents provide that stimulation specifically in response to the baby’s babble.

The experimenters argue that a baby’s vocalizations signal a state of focused attention, a readiness to learn language. When parents respond to babble by naming the object at hand, the argument goes, children are more likely to learn words. So if a baby looks at an apple and says, “Ba ba!” it’s better to respond by naming the apple than by guessing, for example, “Do you want your bottle?”

【 まずは準備運動 】

・pediatrician 小児科医
・context 前後関係、文脈
・acquire 習得する、獲得する
・specifically 明確に、はっきりと

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 科学



Deep Rifts Divide Obama and Republicans
( New York Times )

President Obama and newly empowered Republican leaders professed a desire Wednesday to work together but yielded little ground on deep policy differences, foreshadowing the profound challenge of turning around a flagging economy under a divided government.

After what Mr. Obama described as an electoral “shellacking” for his party, the two sides gingerly explored the reshaped political terrain and sought to define Tuesday’s results. Republicans claimed a mandate to reverse Mr. Obama’s agenda while the president cast the vote as a cry of frustration that he has not moved fast enough.

“Over the last two years, we’ve made progress,” Mr. Obama said at a White House news conference intended to reassert his leadership as
Republicans celebrated their capture of the House and gains in the Senate. “But, clearly, too many Americans haven’t felt that progress yet, and they told us that yesterday. And as president, I take responsibility for that.”

【 まずは準備運動 】

・rift 切れ目、裂け目
・foreshadow 予示する、前兆となる
・flag (帆などが)だらりとたれる、衰える
・gingerly きわめて慎重な・に
・terrain 地勢、地形

● 解説ザブ〜ン!