2010年10月29日

長生きすると分かっていたら・・・


If I'd known I was going to live this long, I would have taken better care of myself.

こんなに長生きすると分かっていたら、もっと身体に気をつけたのに。
(ユービー・ブレイク)

※ジャズ・ピアニスト。没年100。\(^o^)/ 


It's a recession when your neighbor loses his job; it's a depression
when you lose yours.

隣人が失職するのがリセッションであり、自分が失職するのがディプレッションだ。
(ハリー・S・トルーマン)


2010年10月27日

日本の転落、躍動から失意へ


Japan Goes From Dynamic to Disheartened
( New York Times )

Now, as the United States and other Western nations struggle to recover from a debt and property bubble of their own, a growing number of economists are pointing to Japan as a dark vision of the future. Even as the Federal Reserve chairman, Ben S. Bernanke, prepares a fresh round of unconventional measures to stimulate the economy, there are growing fears that the United States and many European economies could face a prolonged period of slow growth or even, in the worst case, deflation, something not seen on a sustained basis outside Japan since the Great Depression.

Many economists remain confident that the United States will avoid the stagnation of Japan, largely because of the greater responsiveness of the American political system and Americans’ greater tolerance for capitalism’s creative destruction. Japanese leaders at first denied the severity of their nation’s problems and then spent heavily on job-creating public works projects that only postponed painful but necessary structural changes, economists say.

“We’re not Japan,” said Robert E. Hall, a professor of economics at Stanford. “In America, the bet is still that we will somehow find ways to get people spending and investing again.”

Still, as political pressure builds to reduce federal spending and budget deficits, other economists are now warning of “Japanification” ― of falling into the same deflationary trap of collapsed demand that occurs when consumers refuse to consume, corporations hold back on investments and banks sit on cash. It becomes a vicious, self-reinforcing cycle: as prices fall further and jobs disappear, consumers tighten their purse strings even more and companies cut back on spending and delay expansion plans.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・property 財産、所有地
・stimulate 刺激する、活気づける
・prolong 長くする、延長する
・tolerance 我慢、寛容
・deficit 不足、赤字


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2010年10月25日

3つの「R」で次のケーキには100本のローソクが立つ


100 Candles on Her Next Cake, and Three R’s to Get Her There
( New York Times )

Esther Tuttle is nearing the end of the 10th decade of a remarkably
productive and adventurous life. If all continues to go as well as it has to date, next July 1 she will join the rapidly growing clan of
centenarians, whose numbers in the United States have increased to 96,548 in 2009 from 38,300 in 1990, according to the Census Bureau.

At age 92, Mrs. Tuttle (best known as Faity, her childhood nickname) wrote a memoir with the prescient title “No Rocking Chair for Me” (iUniverse) displaying an acute memory of events, names, dates and places that she retains as she approaches 100.

What, I asked, is the secret to her longevity? Is it genetics? Perhaps, but it’s hard to say. Her parents died at ages 42 and 50, leaving her an orphan at age 11, along with three siblings, one of whom did live to 96.

Genes do play a role in longevity. Dr. Nir Barzilai, a geneticist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, reports that centenarians are 20 times as likely as the average person to have a long-lived relative. But a Swedish study of identical twins separated at birth and reared apart concluded that only about 20 to 30 percent of longevity is genetically determined. Lifestyle seems to be the more dominant factor.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・census 人口調査、国勢調査
・acute 鋭い、先のとがった
・identical まったく同じの、同一の
・rear 育てる、しつける
・dominant 支配的な、最も有力な


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 米国−社会

2010年10月23日

あってはならない手術ミスが続発している


Surgical Errors Continue Despite Protocols
( New York Times )

Despite a requirement that hospitals abide by a standard set of procedures to prevent surgical mistakes like operating on the wrong patient or the wrong body part, such errors continue to occur far too often, researchers are reporting.

In the worst case reported, a chest tube was inserted into the wrong lung ― the healthy one ― and it collapsed, killing the patient. In other
cases, surgeons removed a healthy ovary, operated on the wrong side of the brain, fused the wrong vertebrae and did procedures on the wrong eye, knee, foot, elbow and hand.

Past estimates suggested that such mistakes occurred once in every 110,000 procedures, but the paper’s lead author, Dr. Philip F. Stahel, said the incidence might not be so rare ― and might even have increased.

“These data are shocking,” said Dr. Stahel, director of orthopedics at Denver Health Medical Center. “These are catastrophic events that are unacceptable. They have been termed a ‘never event’ ― because they
should never happen.”


【 まずは準備運動 】

・prevent 防ぐ、妨げる
・collapse つぶれる、くずれる、崩壊する
・ovary 卵巣
・vertebra 脊椎骨(複数形:vertebrae)
・orthopaedics 整形外科


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 米国−社会

2010年10月16日

チリ落盤事故、鉱夫たちは元気だった


Defying Predictions, Miners Kept Healthy
( New York Times )

Defying grim predictions about how they would fare after two months
trapped underground, many of the Chilean miners came bounding out of their rescue capsule on Wednesday as pictures of energy and health, able not only to walk, but, in one case, to leap around, hug everyone in sight and lead cheers.

The miners’ apparent robustness was testimony to the rescue diet threaded down to them through the tiny borehole that reached them on Aug. 22, but also to the way they organized themselves to keep their environment clean, find water and get exercise. Another factor was the excellent medical care they received from Chilean doctors who ministered to them through tubes leading 2,300 feet into the earth.

Late on Wednesday, the last of the 33 miners was pulled to safety.
Chile’s health minister, Jaime Man~alich, said that one miner had acute pneumonia but was improving with antibiotics, and that two others needed dental surgery. At the moment, he added, the rest seemed to be in “more than satisfactory” condition.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・grim 厳しい、暗い、ぞっとするような
・trap 罠、閉じ込める
・robust 強健な、逞しい
・thread 糸、糸を通す、縫うように通り抜ける
・acute 急性の、鋭い


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際


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