2010年08月11日

猛暑とスモッグ、モスクワで死者倍増


Amid Heat and Smoke, Deaths Double in Moscow
( New York Times )

The daily mortality rate here has nearly doubled in recent days, the city’s chief health official said Monday, singling out the heat as the primary factor and not the culprit most people here suspected:
the choking cloud of wildfire smoke.

The acknowledgment at once confirmed a flurry of rumors that bodies were beginning to pile up in morgues and gave rise to a new one in which the authorities, possibly trying to ward off a panicked exodus, were engaging in a Soviet-style whitewash of the health risks of the smoke.

In any event, people are leaving Moscow. By Monday, all train tickets to St. Petersburg, to the north and mostly out of the smoke, had been sold out, Vesti state television reported.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・mortality 死ぬべき運命、死亡者数、死亡率(形容詞:mortal)
・culprit 犯人
・flurry (一陣の)疾風、突然の動揺、混乱
・at once A and B Aであると同時にBでもある
・morgue 死体安置所
・ward(off) 防ぐ、避ける
・exodus (大勢の人の)外出、出国、出エジプト記
・whitewash 水しっくい、体裁を繕う、ごまかす(こと)


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際

2010年08月09日

ヒロシマ平和祈念式典に米大使初参列


At Hiroshima Ceremony, a First for a U.S. Envoy
( New York Times )

Until Friday, American officials had always skipped the annual ceremony, fearing their presence would renew the debate over whether the United States should apologize for the World War II bombings, which together killed more than 200,000 people in explosions so intense that many victims were vaporized, leaving only ghostly shadows on walls, while others died in agony from burns and radiation sickness.

Such a debate would probably be politically divisive in the United States and could even drive a wedge between America and Japan, one of Washington’s closest allies. American officials have long defended the bombings as having shortened the war and avoided an invasion, which they say would have cost untold thousands of American and Japanese lives. But many Japanese see the attacks as the epitome of the indiscriminate slaughter of modern warfare, and a principal reason for Japan’s postwar pacifism.

While some Japanese still consider the bombings a war crime, mainstream opinion appears to be more complex, largely out of recognition of Japan’s militaristic past. In interviews with more than two dozen Japanese who visited the Hiroshima Peace Memorial this week, only one said with any conviction that the United States should apologize.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・vaporize 蒸発する、気化する(vapor:蒸気)
・agony 激しい苦痛、もだえ苦しみ
・invasion 侵入、侵略(動詞:invade)
・untold 話されていない、数えられない、莫大な
・epitome 典型、縮図
・conviction 確信、信念、有罪の判決(動詞:convince)


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(2) | TrackBack(0) | 国際

2010年08月07日

力とは・・・


Power is when we have every justification to kill, and we don't.

力とは、正当に殺せるときでも殺さないことを言うのだ。
(『シンドラーのリスト』より)


Before a war military science seems a real science, like astronomy; but after a war it seems more like astrology.

軍事科学は戦争前には天文学のような真の科学に見えるが、戦争後には占星術そのもののように見える。

(レベッカ・ウェスト)

2010年08月05日

「重力は存在しない」ある科学者の異説


A Scientist Takes On Gravity
( New York Times )

It’s hard to imagine a more fundamental and ubiquitous aspect of life on the Earth than gravity, from the moment you first took a step and fell on your diapered bottom to the slow terminal sagging of
flesh and dreams.

But what if it’s all an illusion, a sort of cosmic frill, or a side effect of something else going on at deeper levels of reality?

So says Erik Verlinde, 48, a respected string theorist and professor of physics at the University of Amsterdam, whose contention that gravity is indeed an illusion has caused a continuing ruckus among physicists, or at least among those who profess to understand it. Reversing the logic of 300 years of science, he argued in a recent paper, titled “On the Origin of Gravity and the Laws of Newton,” that gravity is a consequence of the venerable laws of thermodynamics, which describe the behavior of heat and gases.

“For me gravity doesn’t exist,” said Dr. Verlinde, who was recently in the United States to explain himself. Not that he can’t fall down, but Dr. Verlinde is among a number of physicists who say
that science has been looking at gravity the wrong way and that there is something more basic, from which gravity “emerges,” the way stock markets emerge from the collective behavior of individual
investors or that elasticity emerges from the mechanics of atoms.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・sag 下がる、垂れ下がる
・contention 主張、闘争(動詞:contend)
・ruckus 騒ぎ、騒動
・consequence 結果、帰結
・venerable 尊ぶべき、敬うべき
・elasticity 弾力、弾性(形容詞:elastic)


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(6) | TrackBack(0) | 科学

2010年08月02日

アフガン戦争機密流出、戦況は暗かった


View Is Bleaker Than Official Portrayal of War in Afghanistan
( New York Times )

A six-year archive of classified military documents made public on Sunday offers an unvarnished, ground-level picture of the war in Afghanistan that is in many respects more grim than the official
portrayal.

The secret documents, released on the Internet by an organization called WikiLeaks, are a daily diary of an American-led force often starved for resources and attention as it struggled against an insurgency that grew larger, better coordinated and more deadly each year.

The material comes to light as Congress and the public grow increasingly skeptical of the deepening involvement in Afghanistan and its chances for success as next year’s deadline to begin withdrawing troops looms.

The reports ― usually spare summaries but sometimes detailed narratives ― shed light on some elements of the war that have been largely hidden from the public eye:

・The Taliban have used portable heat-seeking missiles against allied aircraft, a fact that has not been publicly disclosed by the military. This type of weapon helped the Afghan mujahedeen defeat the Soviet occupation in the 1980s.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・skeptical 懐疑的な、疑い深い
・withdraw 引っこめる
・summary 概要、要約
・narrative 物語、話術


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