Women’s Role in Holocaust May Exceed Old Notions
( New York Times )

The Nazi killing machine was undoubtedly a male-dominated affair. But according to new research, the participation of German women in the
genocide, as perpetrators, accomplices or passive witnesses, was far greater than previously thought.

The researcher, Wendy Lower, an American historian now living in Munich, has drawn attention to the number of seemingly ordinary German women who willingly went out to the Nazi-occupied eastern
territories as part of the war effort, to areas where genocide was openly occurring.

While most did not bloody their own hands, the acts of those who did seemed all the more perverse because they operated outside the concentration camp system, on their own initiative.

Ms. Lower’s findings shed new light on the Holocaust from a gender perspective, according to experts, and have further underlined the importance of the role of the lower echelons in the Nazi killing apparatus.

“They challenge so deeply our notion” of what constitutes normal female behavior, she said. But the Nazi system, she added, “turned everything on its head.”

【 まずは準備運動 】

・genocide (ある人種・国民などに対する計画的な)大量虐殺
・concentration camp 強制収容所
・perspective 見方、(景色・将来の)見通し
・underline 下に線を引く、強調する
・echelon (命令系統などの)段階、階層

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際



Japan’s Ruling Party Suffers Setback
( New York Times )

Japan’s governing Democratic Party suffered a stinging setback in midterm elections on Sunday that showed growing voter disappointment with the party’s apparent inability to deliver on promises to revamp the country’s sclerotic postwar order.

The Democrats are not in danger of losing control of the government, since they have a comfortable majority in the more powerful Lower House. But their failure to control the Upper House could result in a split Parliament, making the Democrats’ promises to strengthen social welfare and assert more control over the nation’s powerful bureaucracy far more difficult to achieve.

Opinion polls had predicted a tough race for the Democrats, who suffered as Mr. Hatoyama’s popularity plummeted. The party then voted in a new prime minister, Naoto Kan; his approval ratings also fell after he proposed an increase of the national consumption tax only to waffle about it later, raising questions about his leadership skills.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・sclerotic 硬化症(sclerosis)の
・comfortable 快適な(ほど十分な)
・assert 主張する、行使する
・plummet 急落する
・waffle あいまいなことを言う

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Competition is the spice of sports; but if you make spice the whole meal you'll be sick.


※「make A B」で「AをBにする」。

You can go a long way with a smile. You can go a lot farther with a smile and a gun.


※「a long way」(長い道のり)とは「成功」とか「効果」とか。でも、「役に立つ」はうまくないです。



Sumo’s Ties to Japan Underworld Go Beyond Limits
( New York Times )

Japan’s ancient sport of sumo had already fallen on hard times from damaging
scandals and declining popularity. Now, an even more sinister problem has been added to its list of woes: ties to the criminal underworld.

On Sunday, the Japan Sumo Association, the sport’s governing body, announced the firing of a top wrestler and a stable master ― a powerful coach who controls a cluster of wrestlers ― for betting on professional baseball games in a gambling ring run by organized crime. Two other stable masters were demoted, and 18 other wrestlers were barred from competing in the next tournament.

This came after an apparently unrelated scandal two months ago over the sale of tickets for prized seats at the foot of the sport’s raised dirt ring to around 50 members of the Yamaguchi-gumi, Japan’s largest crime syndicate. The seats allowed the gangsters, known as yakuza, to be clearly visible during television broadcasts of the bouts, a brazen display that sumo experts said was aimed at cheering up an incarcerated syndicate boss watching from prison.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・cluster (果実・花などの)房、群れ、集団
・bar 棒、かんぬき、かんぬき、閉じる、禁ずる
・prize 賞、重んずる、尊ぶ
・syndicate シンジケート、企業組合・連合、犯罪組織
・bout 試合、一勝負
・incarcerate 監禁する、投獄する

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日本−社会



Victory, Defeat and Fate in One Cruel Moment
( New York Times )

It is the cruelest and most contrived moment in soccer: the penalty shootout that decides which of two exhausted teams will be eliminated from the World Cup. And it must have a fall guy.

Yuichi Komano was that unfortunate individual after his Japan team was eliminated by Paraguay on Tuesday in the only shootout to date in this World Cup. Komano’s penalty kick missed by inches, striking the crossbar. Komano then had to wait as one, two, three penalty takers converted their shots. He was on his knees, head bowed, and we could tell from his quivering body that he was sobbing.

Komano, like everyone else on that field in Loftus Versfeld Stadium, had not had a great game, or a bad one. Japan and Paraguay were equal in their inability to conquer nerves, scoreless throughout 90 minutes and then 30 minutes more of extra time.

No one scored, no one dared, no one wanted to be a hero strongly enough. So the penalty lottery applied, and for once a soccer game deserved this wretched way of separating the inseparable.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・cruel 残酷な、悲惨な
・eliminate 除く、除去する
・bow 腰をかがめる、お辞儀する、(頭・首を)下げる
・quiver 小刻みに揺れる、震える
・lottery くじ引き

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | スポーツ