2010年07月30日

理想主義者とは・・・


We can lead a boy to college but you cannot make him think.

男の子を大学にやることはできても、考えさせることはできない。
(エルバート ハバード)

※次のことわざのパロディです。

You can lead a horse to the water, but you can't make him drink.


An idealist is one who, on noticing that a rose smells better than a cabbage, concludes that it will also make better soup.

理想主義者とは、バラの香りのほうがキャベツのよりいいと気づくと、バラでも美味しいスープが作れると結論を下す人物である。
(ヘンリー・L・メンケン)

2010年07月28日

カンボジアの収まらぬ怒り、クメール・ルージュ法廷


Anger in Cambodia Over Khmer Rouge Sentence
( New York Times )

For 30 years since the brutal Khmer Rouge regime was driven from power, Cambodians have lived with unresolved trauma, with skulls and bones from killing fields still lying in the open and with parents hiding the pain of their past from their children.

On Monday, Cambodia took a significant step toward addressing its harsh past with the first conviction of a major Khmer Rouge figure in connection with the deaths of 1.7 million people from 1975 to 1979.

But some survivors were distraught over what they saw as a lenient sentence, one that could possibly allow the defendant, Kaing Guek Eav, 67, commonly known as Duch, to walk free one day.

A United Nations-backed court found Duch (pronounced DOIK), the commandant of the central Khmer Rouge prison, Tuol Sleng, guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and sentenced him to 35 years
in prison for overseeing the torture and killing of more than 14,000 people. The court reduced that term to 19 years because of time already served and in compensation for a period of illegal military
detention.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・harsh 厳しい、苛酷な
・lenient 寛大な、大目に見る
・defendant 被告
・oversee 監督する
・compensation 償い、埋め合わせ
・detention 引き止め、拘留(動詞:detain)


● 解説ザブ〜ン!
posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際

2010年07月26日

いじめをなくす唯一の方法


There’s Only One Way to Stop a Bully
( New York Times )

HERE in Massachusetts, teachers and administrators are spending their summers becoming familiar with the new state law that requires schools to institute an anti-bullying curriculum, investigate acts of bullying and report the most serious cases to law enforcement officers.

This new law was passed in April after a group of South Hadley, Mass., students were indicted in the bullying of a 15-year-old girl, Phoebe Prince, who committed suicide. To the extent that it underlines the importance of the problem and demands that schools figure out how to address it, it is a move in the right direction. But legislation alone can’t create kinder communities or teach children how to get along. That will take a much deeper rethinking of what schools should do for their students.

Involving the legal system makes a strong statement that a society won’t tolerate bullying. But for laws like the one in Massachusetts to succeed, they have to be matched by an educational system that
teaches children not only what’s wrong, but how to do what’s right.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・institute (制度・習慣などを)設ける、制定する
・investigate 調査する
・indict 起訴する、告発する(発音は「インダイト」)
・legislation 立法、法律制定


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 米国−社会

2010年07月23日

女にとってのファーストキッスは・・・


To a woman the first kiss is just the end of the beginning, to a man it is the beginning of the end.

女にとって、ファーストキッスは始まりの終わりにすぎないが、男にとっては終わりの始まりである。
(ヘレン・ローランド)

なるほど。


A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle.

女に男が要るのなら、魚には自転車が要る。
(グロリア・スタイネム)

あらま。


2010年07月21日

フィンチの恋、見た目はすべてにあらず


Love Among Finches: It’s Not All About Looks
( New York Times )

Handsome men may turn the heads of women, but for those less attractive, sociability and friendliness also seem to seduce the fairer sex. The same is true for male house finches, according to a new study.

Female house finches prefer to mate with males with the reddest feathers, but dull-colored males make themselves more appealing by acting more social before mating season, according to a study in the
September issue of the American Naturalist. The researchers found that the duller a male bird was in color, the more likely he was to engage with multiple social groups. Birds in a social group flock and forage together and any bird can belong to multiple groups.

Drab-looking male finches drifted from group to group in the winter, the researchers found. By mating season in the spring, the less attractive males tended to have the same level of mating success as the most colorful, attractive males.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・seduce 魅する、引きつける、性的に誘惑する
・forage (餌を)探し回る、(牛馬の)まぐさ
・drab (くすんだ)とび色の、(冴えない)茶色の


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 科学


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