Moscow Attack a Test for Putin and His Record Against Terror
( New York Times )

The brazen suicide bombings in the center of Moscow confronted Prime Minister Vladimir V. Putin with a grave challenge to his record of curbing terrorism, and raised the possibility that he would respond as he had in the past, by significantly tightening control over the government.

The attacks during the morning rush hour seemed all but designed to taunt the security services, which have been championed by Mr. Putin in the decade since he took power in Russia. The first one occurred at the Lubyanka subway station, next to the headquarters of the Federal Security Service, also known as the F.S.B., the successor agency to the Soviet-era K.G.B. that was led by Mr. Putin in the late 1990s.

Mr. Putin, the former president and still Russia’s paramount leader, has built his reputation in part on his success in bottling up theMuslim insurgency in southern Russia and preventing major terroristattacks in the country’s population centers in recent years. If thebombings on Monday herald a renewed campaign by insurgents in major cities, then that legacy may be tarnished.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・grave (責任・問題などが)重大な、厳粛な
・taunt あざける、冷やかす
・insurgency 反乱(insurgent:反乱した・人)
・tarnish 曇らせる、さびさせる、(名誉などを)汚す

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際



In Health Bill, Obama Attacks Wealth Inequality
( New York Times )

For all the political and economic uncertainties about health reform, at least one thing seems clear: The bill that President Obama signed on Tuesday is the federal government’s biggest attack on economic inequality since inequality began rising more than three decades ago.

Over most of that period, government policy and market forces have been moving in the same direction, both increasing inequality. The pretax incomes of the wealthy have soared since the late 1970s, while their tax rates have fallen more than rates for the middle class and poor.

Nearly every major aspect of the health bill pushes in the other direction. This fact helps explain why Mr. Obama was willing to spend so much political capital on the issue, even though it did not appear to be his top priority as a presidential candidate. Beyond the health reform’s effect on the medical system, it is the centerpiece of his deliberate effort to end what historians have called the age of

【 まずは準備運動 】

・pretax 税引き前の(tax:税金)
・income 所得
・soar 高く上がる、舞い上がる
・aspect (もの・ことの)面、様相
・capital 資本、資産、首都
・effect 効果、結果

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Big Win for Obama, but at What Cost?
( New York Times )

The House’s passage of health care legislation late Sunday night assures that whatever the ultimate cost, President Obama will go down in history as one of the handful of presidents who found a way to reshape the nation’s social welfare system.

Whether it was a historic achievement or political suicide for his party ― perhaps both ― he succeeded where President Bill Clinton failed in trying to remake American health care. President George W. Bush also failed to enact a landmark change in a domestic program, his second-term effort to create private accounts in the Social Security system.

But there is no doubt that in the course of this debate, Mr. Obama has lost something ― and lost it for good. Gone is the promise on which he rode to victory less than a year and a half ago ― the promise of a “postpartisan” Washington in which rationality and calm discourse replaced partisan bickering.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・legislation (提案・制定された)法律、立法行為
・ultimate 最後の、最終の、根本的な
・handful 一つかみ、一握り、少量、少数
・enact (法を)制定する、上演する

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We inhabit a language rather than a country.


Language is the source of misunderstandings.




Deciphering the Chatter of Monkeys and Chimps
( New York Times )

Walking through the Tai forest of Ivory Coast, Klaus Zuberbu"hler could hear the calls of the Diana monkeys, but the babble held no meaning for him.

That was in 1990. Today, after nearly 20 years of studying animal communication, he can translate the forest’s sounds. This call means a Diana monkey has seen a leopard. That one means it has sighted another predator, the crowned eagle. “In our experience time and again, it’s a humbling experience to realize there is so much more information being passed in ways which hadn’t been noticed before,” said Dr. Zuberbu"hler, a psychologist at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

Do apes and monkeys have a secret language that has not yet been decrypted? And if so, will it resolve the mystery of how the human faculty for language evolved? Biologists have approached the issue in two ways, by trying to teach human language to chimpanzees and other species, and by listening to animals in the wild.

It is tempting to think of the vervet calls as words for “leopard,” “snake” or “eagle,” but that is not really so. The vervets do not combine the calls with other sounds to make new meanings. They do not modulate them, so far as is known, to convey that a leopard is 10, or 100, feet away. Their alarm calls seem less like words and more like a person saying “Ouch!” ― a vocal representation of an inner mental state rather than an attempt to convey exact information.

【 まずは準備運動 】

・predator 捕食者(他の動物を殺して食べる動物)
・humble 卑しめる、辱しめる、謙虚にさせる、謙遜した
・modulate 調節する、調整する

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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(1) | TrackBack(0) | 科学