2009年10月31日

支配することはやさしいが・・・


To rule is easy, to govern difficult.

支配することはやさしいが、統治することは難しい。
(ヨハン・ヴォルフガング・フォン・ゲーテ)


Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful.

宗教を庶民は真、賢者は偽、支配者は有用と見なす。
(ルキウス・アンナエウス・セネカ)

2009年10月29日

フィリピン、避妊普及法案で国論二分


Bill to Increase Access to Contraception Is Dividing Filipinos
( New York Times )

Gina Judilla already had three children the first time she tried to terminate a pregnancy. “I jumped down the stairs, hoping that would cause a miscarriage,” she said. The fetus survived and is now an 8-year-old boy.

Three years later, pregnant again, she drank an herbal concoction that was supposed to induce abortion. That, too, failed.

What drove Ms. Judilla, a 37-year-old manicurist, to such extreme measures is a story of personal tribulation familiar to many Filipino women. She and her unemployed husband are very poor ― barely able to buy vitamins for their youngest child, let alone send more than two of their older children to school.

Abortion is illegal in the Philippines. Birth control and related health services have long been available to those who can afford to pay for them through the private medical system, but 70 percent of the population is too poor and depends on heavily subsidized care. In 1991, prime responsibility for delivering public health services shifted from the central government to the local authorities, who have broad discretion over which services are dispensed.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・terminate 終わらせる、終わる
・fetus 胎児
・herbal 草の、薬草の(herb:ハーブ)
・concoction 混成、調合
・induce 引き起こす、誘発する
・tribulation 苦難、試練


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2009年10月26日

「車に敬礼せよ」中国の奇妙な規則


Salute All Cars, Kids. It’s a Rule in China.
( New York Times )

All the students at Luolang Elementary School, a yellow-and-orange concrete structure off a winding mountain road in southern China, know the key rules: Do not run in the halls. Take your seat before the bell rings. Raise your hand to ask a question.

And oh, yes: Salute every passing car on your way to and from school.

Education officials promoted the saluting edict to reduce traffic accidents and teach children courtesy. Critics, who have posted thousands of negative comments about the policy on China’s electronic bulletin boards, beg to differ. “This is just pitiful,” wrote one in a post last year. Only inept officials would burden children with such a requirement rather than install speed bumps, others insisted.

This is hardly the only nation where local bureaucrats sometimes run a bit too free. But in China, where many local officials are less than well trained and only the party can eject them from office, local governments’ dubious edicts are common enough that skewering them has become a favorite pastime of China’s Web users. Even the state-run media join in, although they rarely report who was behind the rules or suggest that they indicate a lack of competence to govern.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・wind 曲がる(発音は「ワインド」で、風のwindじゃありませんよ)
・pitiful 哀れをもよおす、かわいそうな(pity:哀れみ、同情)
・inept 不適切な、能力に欠ける
・eject 外に出す、追い出す
・skewer 串(に刺す)、攻撃する、批判する


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2009年10月23日

政治とは・・・


Politics: A strife of interests masquerading as a contest of
principles. The conduct of public affairs for private advantage.

政治とは、主義・主張の争いに仮装された利害関係の衝突。私益のために公務を運営すること。
(アンブローズ・ビアス)


The difference between humans and wild animals is that humans pray before they commit murder.

人間と野生動物が違うのは、人間は祈っておいて殺す。
(フリードリッヒ・デュレンマット)

2009年10月21日

誘拐というケニアの成長産業


Kenya’s Criminals Tap a Growth Industry: Kidnapping
( New York Times )

Little Emmanuel Aguer was one of the most recent victims.

A month ago, he was snatched on the way to his grandmother’s house. Four days later, after his middle-class family received calls asking for $70 or else ― calls the family was not sure were even genuine ― his uncle found his corpse stuffed in a sugar sack. His head had been bludgeoned and his eyes were gouged out.

Emmanuel was 6 years old.

“These people knew what they were doing,” said his uncle, Mariak Aguek. “What they did was so traumatizing, I can’t even express it.”

Nairobi, Kenya’s capital, is a teeming city of have-nots and
have-lots, so notorious for violent crime that it is often called “Nai-robbery.” But there is a new problem, or at least one that is causing new fear ― kidnapping, and several recent attacks have been on children and Western women.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・bludgeon こん棒で打つ
・gouge (丸のみで)彫る、(目玉を)えぐり出す
・notorious 悪名高い


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