2009年04月29日

日本にあった労働者の楽園


A Workers’ Paradise Found Off Japan’s Coast
( New York Times )

If Marxism had ever produced a functional, prosperous society, it might have looked something like this tiny southern Japanese island.

At first glance, there is little to set Hime apart from the hundreds of other small inhabited islands that dot the coasts of Japan’s main isles. The 2,519 mostly graying islanders subsist on fishing and shrimp farming, and every summer hold a Shinto religious festival featuring dancers dressed as foxes.

But once off the ferry, the island’s sole public transportation link to the outside, visitors are greeted by an unusual sight: a tall, bronze statue of Hime’s previous mayor, rare in a country that typically shuns such political aggrandizement. Rarer still is that the statue was erected by his son, who is the island’s current mayor.

And it is not just the cult-of-personality politics that smack of a latter-day workers’ paradise. This sleepy island, just off Japan’s main southern island, Kyushu, has recently come under unaccustomed national media attention for a very different reason: it invented its own version of work-sharing four decades before the current economic crisis popularized the term.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・subsist 生存する、やっと暮していく
・shun 避ける
・aggrandizement (権力、地位などの)強化
・cult 狂信的宗教、熱狂、(個人)崇拝
・smack 味・気味がある
・accustom 慣らす


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日本−社会

2009年04月27日

メキシコ、豚インフルエンザ感染者の隔離


Mexico Takes Powers to Isolate Cases of Swine Flu
( New York Times )

This sprawling capital was on edge Saturday as jittery residents ventured out wearing surgical masks and President Felipe Calderon published an order that would give his government emergency powers to address a deadly flu outbreak, including isolating those who have contracted the virus, inspecting the homes of affected people and ordering the cancellation of public events.

White-coated health care workers fanned out across the international airport here to look for ailing passengers, and thousands of callers fearful they might have contracted the rare swine flu flooded government health hot lines. Health officials also began notifying restaurants, bars and nightclubs throughout the city that they should close.

“My government will not delay one minute to take all the necessary measures to deal with this epidemic,” Mr. Calderon said in Oaxaca State during the opening of a new hospital, which he said would set aside an area for anyone who might be affected by the new swine flu strain that has already killed as many as 81 people in Mexico and sickened more than 1,300 others.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・sprawl 手足を伸ばして寝そべる、無秩序に広がる
・on edge 緊張状態で、いらいらして(edge:刃)
・jittery 神経質な、ビクビクした
・contract 契約する、(病気に)かかる
・affect 影響する、(病気が)おかす
・epidemic  (病気・思想の)流行、流行病
・strain 種族、(ウイルスの)株、型、素質


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 国際

2009年04月24日

保守派とは・・・


Money talks, but all mine ever says is good-bye.

カネがものを言う。だが、私のはいつだって「さようなら」としか言わない。
(詠み人知らずかな)

※前半のMoney talks(カネは力なり)は、よく言われる言葉です。後半では、talk(話す)を文字通り解したというわけです。


A conservative is a man with two perfectly good legs who, however, has never learned to walk forward.

保守派とは、2本の素晴らしい足を持ちながら、前へ歩いていく術を身につけられなかった者をいう。
(フランクリン・ルーズベルト)

2009年04月22日

オバマ大統領、水責め尋問の責任追及へ


Obama Won’t Bar Inquiry, or Penalty, on Interrogations
( New York Times )

President Obama left the door open Tuesday to creating a bipartisan commission that would investigate the Bush administration’s use of harsh interrogation techniques on terrorism suspects, and did not rule out action by the Justice Department against those who fashioned the legal rationale for those techniques.

The remarks, in response to questions from reporters in the Oval Office, amounted to a shift for the White House. The president had repeatedly said that the nation should look forward rather than focusing on the past, and his chief of staff, Rahm Emanuel, said Sunday in a television interview that Mr. Obama believed that “those who devised policy” should not be prosecuted.

The White House’s shifting comments in recent days provide a glimpse into its struggle to deal with one of the thorniest issues Mr. Obama has faced since taking office. That issue has turned all the more prickly for him since his decision to release previously secret memorandums detailing the harsh tactics used by the C.I.A. under President George W. Bush -- memos revealing that, for instance, two captured operatives of Al Qaeda were subjected a total of 266 times to a form of near drowning known as waterboarding.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・bar 棒、かんぬき(を掛ける)、禁じる、妨げる
・commission 委任(状)、委員会
・harsh  粗い、厳しい
・interrogation 質問、尋問
・rationale 理論的根拠、原理
・prosecute 遂行する、起訴する
・tactic 方策、(個々の)戦術
・operative 働いている、動いている、刑事、探偵、工作員


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2009年04月20日

金融業界の失墜で、どんな職業が花形に?


With Finance Disgraced, Which Career Will Be King?
( New York Times )

In the Depression, smart college students flocked into civil
engineering to design the highway, bridge and dam-building projects of those days. In the Sputnik era, students poured into the sciences as America bet on technology to combat the cold war Communist challenge. Yes, the jobs beckoned and the pay was good. But those careers, in their day, had other perks: respect and self-esteem.

Today, the financial crisis and the economic downturn are likely to alter drastically the career paths of future years. The contours of the shift are still in flux, in part because there is so much uncertainty about the shape of the economic landscape and the job market ahead.

But choosing a career is a guess about the future in which economics is only part of the calculation. Prestige, peer expectations and the climate of public opinion also matter. And early indications suggest new career directions that are tethered less to the dream of an immediate six-figure paycheck on Wall Street than to the demands of a new public agenda to solve the nation’s problems.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・flock 群れ、群がる
・beckon 手招きする、合図する
・esteem 貴ぶ、重んじる、尊敬
・contour 輪郭、等高線
・flux 不安定さ、流動
・indication 指示、兆候


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 米国−社会


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