2008年12月17日

犬は不公平を理解する


With Treats, Dogs Seem to Know What's Fair
( New York Times )

To the list of the qualities of dogs - enthusiastic and steadfast come to mind - can be added another. That pooch of yours, researchers say, may be envious.

Scientists in Austria report in The Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences that a dog may stop obeying a command if it sees that another dog is getting a better deal.

In this way dogs may be showing a sensitivity that is similar to, although perhaps more primitive than, that shown by chimpanzees and some monkeys. Until now those primates were the only nonhumans to show what is called “inequity aversion” in the absence of a reward.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・steadfast 不動の、不動の
・obey 服従する
・sensitivity 感受性、敏感さ、傷つきやすさ
・primitive 原始的な、素朴な
・primate 霊長類の動物
・inequity  不公平(な物事)
・aversion 嫌悪、反感


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 科学

2008年12月15日

クルマが動かなかったワケ


Aw, Nuts. Why Won't My Car Start?
( New York Times )

Aw, nuts. That's likely what Hope Wideup thought when her car's turn signal and windshield wipers wouldn't work. It's also what she found later when she opened the hood. ''There were thousands in there. They were everywhere,'' she said, speculating a chipmunk found its way into her car, which had been sitting idle for several weeks, and used the engine compartment as a storage depot for a trove of black walnuts.

Wideup thinks it all started last fall when a chipmunk snatched a garden glove from her yard. She later found the glove in the engine compartment when she was trying to repair the broken turn signal. Unable to fix the problem, however, Wideup let the car sit unused for a couple of weeks and then heard a loud revving sound from the engine when she tried to start the vehicle.

That's when she looked under the hood again and found the walnuts.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・speculate 思索する、推測する、投機をする
・idle 怠惰な、活用していない
・compartment (仕切られた)区画、小部屋
・depot 貯蔵所、倉庫
・trove (金貨・宝石など)宝庫、埋蔵物(treasure trove)
・snatch ひっつかむ、ひったくる
・rev 発動機の回転(を増す)


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 米国−社会

2008年12月12日

今日、証明されていることは・・・


Success is simple. Do what's right, the right way, at the right time.

成功とは単純なものだ。正しいことを、正しい方法で、正しいときに行えばいい。
(アーノルド・H・グラソー)


What is now proved was once only imagined.

今日、証明されていることは、かつては想像上のものでしかなかった。
(ウィリアム・ブレイク)

2008年12月10日

マンモスの復活?


Bring Back the Woolly Mammoth ?
( New York Times )

A new research report suggests that scientists may be able to
recreate an extinct woolly mammoth from its long-frozen DNA. The most gung-ho scientists think it could be done in a decade or two for as little as $10 million. The deeper question is, should we try?

No one is quite sure why the woolly mammoths died out toward the end of the last ice age, some 10,000 years ago. Theories include warmer temperatures that gradually displaced the plants on which they fed, overhunting by primitive man, an accumulation of harmful genetic mutations, widespread disease, or an asteroid or comet colliding with Earth and disrupting the climate.

If scientists do bring back a few mammoths, we suspect our warming world won’t look any more hospitable than the one that did them in.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・feed (動物が)食べる、食物を与える
・primitive 初期の、原始の
・widespread 広まった、広がった
・asteroid 小遊星
・comet 彗星


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(2) | TrackBack(0) | 科学

2008年12月08日

メジャーの投手狩りに苛立つ日本球界


Japanese Are Irked by U.S. Interest in Pitcher
( New York Times )

As far as Junichi Tazawa is concerned, the most rebellious acts in his 22 years have been ignoring his homework and sneaking home after sunrise. But as the first high-profile Japanese baseball prospect to turn down his nation’s leagues to entertain offers from Major League Baseball teams, he has found himself straining relations between baseball entities on two continents, with accusations of talent raiding and defiance of decades-long understandings.

Many Japanese baseball officials are outraged that United States teams are courting Tazawa, a hard-throwing right-handed pitcher, because they insist it is long-established practice for amateurs like him to be strictly off limits to major league clubs. Even some American general managers, including the Yankees’ Brian Cashman, agree.


【 まずは準備運動 】

・rebellious 謀反の、反抗的な
・sneak こそこそ入る、出る
・accusation 非難、告訴
・defiance 挑戦、反抗的態度、無視
・outrage 暴行する、激怒させる
・practice 実施、実行、習慣、慣例


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posted by K.Andoh | Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | スポーツ


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